Learn How to Write a Dissertation Introduction Like a Pro

dissertation introduction

Writing a dissertation is necessary for the postgraduate and undergraduate programs. However, for a great dissertation, you must start with an attention-grabbing introduction.

Therefore, the dissertation introduction should provide a brief overview of your research work. Also, leave a positive impression on the people who read it.

Though, you don’t know how to write the introduction of the dissertation. Continue reading this blog and get to know about writing the introduction of the dissertation.

What is a Dissertation Introduction?

When writing the dissertation introduction, you should remember that it is an opening chapter or starting point of your research work. Also, in this section, you describe the dissertation topic, problem statement and give an overview of the future work.

Therefore, building the background of the chosen topic will not only help you to understand the topic. However, also guide the readers to know why the research area is interesting, problematic, and important.

Also, in the dissertation introduction, you should not discuss other research work, data collection methods, and research design. Create a proper theoretical framework for your research.

Dissertation Introduction Structure

The structure of the dissertation introduction is not complex or difficult. However, for a good dissertation, you must follow an accurate structure.

Below given the structure of the dissertation introduction chapter.


  • Give a general background of the chosen subject.

Importance of the Problem

  • Explain the statement of significance specific to the topic.
  • Demonstrate why you are conducting research on that topic.

Analyze the Theoretical Basis for the Study

  • Include the theoretical definitions of the important terms. (Not include operational definitions).

Critically Analyze the Literature

  • Create the argument using the existing literature studies. (Define in detail in the literature review section).

Problem Statement

  • State the main goal of the research.

Research Questions and Hypotheses

  • Write theoretical questions and hypotheses.

Here is a dissertation introduction format for your ease.

Dissertation Introduction Format (PDF)

Dissertation Introduction Format

Components of Dissertation Introduction

The following are the main components of the dissertation introduction.

  • Topic and Background: what does your reader need to know to understand your dissertation?
  • Focus and Scope: what aspects of the topic you highlight in the dissertation?
  • Significance: how does your research impact existing work on this topic?
  • Research Objectives and Questions: what is the main purpose of your research?

Dissertation Introduction Length

The dissertation introduction length should not be more than 10% of the complete dissertation length. Therefore, you must keep the length in mind when writing the dissertation introduction.

However, you should consult your professor and inquire about the dissertation’s structure, format, or length. Since every university or department has specific dissertation requirements.

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How to Write a Dissertation Introduction?

The dissertation introduction should identify the main problem and elaborate on the importance of finding a solution.

However, for a well-written introduction, you should follow some steps. For your help, we gathered some steps that will help you in drafting the perfect introduction.

  1. 1. Opening Section
  2. The introduction is the beginning of the dissertation. Just like other dissertation chapters, the introduction section starts by providing a brief overview of the topic. Also, discuss what you will be covering in the dissertation.

    However, this section must be clear, concise, and easy for readers to understand. Therefore try to make it engaging and interesting for the readers.

    It is good if you add these four things in the opening section of the dissertation.

    • Introduce the overall topic of your research.
    • Introduce the specific research problem.
    • State the main aims and objectives.
    • Discuss the limitations.
  3. 2. Give Background Information
  4. In this step, you should provide relevant background information about the topic as well as contextual factors. Also, give the readers a better foundational understanding of your research area.

    Also, when writing this section, you need to keep in mind that the reader is not an expert in your field. Therefore, explain anything, especially if you are using jargon and complex terminology.

  5. 3. Research Problem
  6. After giving the overview of your research area, narrow your focus and define the scope of your research. The research problem can be an issue or a question that cannot be the agreed-upon answer in the existing research.

    Therefore, when you present your research problem, make sure that it is clear. Also, address what is missing in the current literature and why it is problematic.

  7. 4. Significance
  8. You must make a strong argument regarding your study’s importance and significance. Show your motivation for doing this research and cover the what, why, and how your study will benefit. Also, indicate how your research will fill a gap or address a problem in the field.

  9. 5. Research Objectives and Questions
  10. It is the most important part of the introduction. You define your research aims and objectives as well as your research questions.

    Therefore, clearly state the central aim of your research. Also, you can briefly state the research methods that you used to answer your questions. However, do not go into detail if you include a separate research methodology chapter.

    Furthermore, if your research aims to test hypotheses, construct them here with a conceptual framework.

  11. 6. Discuss Limitations
  12. Now, it’s time to discuss the limitations of your research briefly. However, don’t stress yourself; even professional research has some limitations.

    Discussing the limitations is necessary so future researchers can improve the study design to minimize the limitations.

    Therefore, it is a good idea, and you must mention the following four main limitations:

    • Your scope
    • Your research methodology
    • Your resources
    • The generalisability of your results
  13. 7. Overview of the Structure
  14. End the dissertation introduction with an overview of its structure. However, keep it clear and concise and summarize each chapter in 1-2 sentences.

    Take a look at this sample and get help from them.

    Dissertation Introduction Sample (PDF)

    Dissertation Introduction Sample

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Dissertation Introduction Examples

Here are some examples that will help you in writing the dissertation introduction.

Dissertation Introduction Template (PDF)

Dissertation Introduction Template

Dissertation Introduction Outline (PDF)

Dissertation Introduction Outline

Dissertation Introduction Checklist (PDF)

Dissertation Introduction Checklist

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